Friday, July 20, 2018

100 things to demonstrate mastery / how to improve maths for all / student centred teaching / and John Hattie's 'best practices'..

Education Readings

By Allan Alach

Every week Bruce Hammonds and I collect articles to share with teachers to encourage a creative approach to teaching and learning. I welcome suggested articles, so if you come across a gem, email it to me at

The Difference Between Being Busy and Being Productive
When I was a new teacher, I believed I had to give 110% in everything I did. I thought that the best teachers were the ones who arrived first and left last. I was a busy teacher, taking on all kinds of committee work and saying yes to every project. But then I had a moment when I decided to “break up with busy.”’

In the Classroom: Let Students’ Minds Wander (But Not Too Far)
‘How long can you stay focused? According to researchers, nobody is immune to the occasional
daydream. In fact, many of us know all too well how difficult it can be to rein in our imaginations and pay attention to the task at hand. It may come as a surprise that these moments of “zoning out” actually help us think and work more efficiently. Although daydreaming may feel like a break or even a waste of time, it really plays an important function in our cognition and problem-solving.'  

100 Things Students Can Create To Demonstrate What They Know
‘Below is a diverse list adapted from resources found at of potential student products or activities learners can use to demonstrate their mastery of lesson content. The list also offers several digital tools for students to consider using in a technology-enriched learning environment.’

The Teacher-Powered Schools Movement: Transforming Teachers From Industrial Workers To Professionals
‘In contrast, educators at teacher-powered schools take on truly professional roles, controlling the decisions that directly affect school operations and student learning. These schools are modeled after the partnerships common among most white-collar professions—where a group of professionals own and operate a firm or practice and are accountable for its success or failure.’

E-learning will not revolutionise the education sector
‘It is becoming increasingly obvious that online education is not likely to revolutionise the
education sector and pose any imminent or future threat to mainstream conventional education. The possibility of it emerging as a substitute to formal education appears bleak, even though the revolution in the information communication technology presented a potent tool for promoting access, equity and quality in education, with ease and at affordable cost.’

When math teachers change mindset, student grades go up
‘Student achievement increased when teachers changed their mindset from believing only some
Jo Boaler
students could learn math well to believing that all students could succeed
, says coauthor Jo Boaler, a professor at the Stanford University Graduate School of Education. The increase was particularly significant for girls, English language learners, and students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds.'

Four Inquiry Qualities At The Heart of Student-Centered Teaching
‘Whether it be project-based learning, design thinking or genius hour, it's easy to get confused by the many education buzzwords floating about. But at their heart these pedagogies are all student-centered and there are commonalities across them that are the key to their success and far more critical than keeping the jargon straight.’

Even When Research Supports Changing Traditional Teaching, Parents Make It Hard
A familiar story…
Ghana  teacher
And at first the experimental training program was remarkably effective. But then the effort ran into a wall. The very people who are most desperate for Ghana's kids to succeed — the moms and the dads — started getting in the way.’

The Tech Industry’s War on Kids: How psychology is being used as a weapon against children
A bit of a long read but a speed read through is enough to get the scary message.
‘These parents have no idea that lurking behind their kids’ screens and phones are a multitude of psychologists, neuroscientists, and social science experts who use their knowledge of psychological vulnerabilities to devise products that capture kids’ attention for the sake of industry profit. What these parents and most of the world have yet to grasp is that psychology — a discipline that we associate with healing — is now being used as a weapon against children.

How Social Studies Can Help Young Kids Make Sense of the World
‘Experts say that requires regular and high-quality social studies lessons, starting in kindergarten, to teach kids to be critical thinkers and communicators who know how to take meaningful action. Yet, as teachers scramble to meet math and reading standards, social studies lessons have been pushed far back on the list of academic priorities, especially in the early grades.’

From Bruce’s ‘goldie oldies’ file:

Five Minds for the Future- Howard Gardner
Howard Gardner
‘Based on the premise that students are entering an accelerating world of change in every area of life Gardner believes that such changes call for new ways of learning and thinking in schools if students are to thrive in the world during the eras to come. The directions our society is taking and the future of our planet demands such 'new minds' able to explore creative alternatives for problems that cannot be anticipated.’

The killing of creativity by the technocrats - Kelvin Smythe reflects on John Hattie
“As I visit classrooms I have become increasingly concerned about the use
John Hattie
of a number of strategies as defined by John Hattie and promulgated by the contracted advisers spreading the word about his 'best practices’
. Somehow, just because Hattie has amalgamated every piece of 'school effectiveness' research available ( mainly it seems from the USA) his findings, it seems, ought to be taken for read. The opposite ought to be the case - we need to be very wary of such so called 'meta research.’”

Friday, July 13, 2018

How we learn / slow education / Hattie's research? / teacher stress / and Tomorrow's Schools Review

Education Readings

By Allan Alach

Every week Bruce Hammonds and I collect articles to share with teachers to encourage a creative approach to teaching and learning. I welcome suggested articles, so if you come across a gem, email it to me at

What if we don’t know what we don’t know?
‘A glaring obstacle to change and hopefully improvement in our education system, which needs to be addressed, is that educators don’t always know what they don’t know, but make decisions with the information they have. Making decisions with limited information often limits the potential of progress.’

How Unlearning Helps Us Grow
The world is changing faster than ever before. If you are not ready or willing to practice unlearning, to change our habits and reject that which is easy for that which is necessary, than success will always be out of reach. It is time to redefine the way we learn, to take a step back, and give ourselves room to grow.’

‘Slow Education’ and its links to sustainability
‘Slow Education’ is more than just slowing down. It is an educational approach that seeks to achieve healthy relational bonds between and across people, as well as connectedness to the local and wider environment. It asks us to pause before we buy something for use in our teaching and to instead consider whether we might make do with the resources that we have on hand. In addition, it asks us to build our own skills and capacities to meet these ends. It prioritises care, quality, and enjoyment.”

Schools are buying ‘growth mindset’ interventions despite scant evidence that they work well
What is it about growth mindset interventions that hold so much appeal? And how much of a
Carol Dweck
difference do these interventions actually make when it comes to academic achievement? I am a psychology professor who researches learning and achievement, so these are interesting questions to me. To shine the light on these issues, several colleagues and I set out to examine the effectiveness of growth mindset interventions on students’ academic achievement.'

Contributed by Bruce Hammonds:

'Open to new ideas': What does teacher's report really mean?
It's that time of year again. Teachers up and down the land have been slaving over their end-of-year reports and parents are eagerly awaiting to hear whether or not their little angels are top of the class. But what does "full of self-confidence" or "lively and enthusiastic" really mean? We asked one teacher - who goes under the name of Mrs Smith - to let us know what those positive-spin comments actually mean.’

Hattie’s Effect Size: A pseudoscience or critics just being critics?

To believe Hattie is to have a blind spot in one’s critical thinking when assessing scientific rigor. To promote his work is to unfortunately fall into the promotion of pseudoscience. Finally, to persist in defending Hattie after becoming aware of the serious critique of his methodology constitutes willful blindness.’

Bill Gates and Steve Jobs have always shared this big red flag on technology - screen time for kids is dangerous
Which begs the question as to why both developed their companies to exploit screen time in education?
‘It should be telling, Clement and Miles argue, that the two biggest tech figures in recent history — Bill Gates and Steve Jobs — seldom let their kids play with the very products they helped create.
“What is it these wealthy tech executives know about their own products that their consumers don’t?” the authors wrote. The answer, according to a growing body of evidence, is the addictive power of digital technology.’

Creating a Positive School Climate For Teachers
‘I spent 8 years as a school principal, and I define school climate as how we feel when we walk into a school building. Do we feel like part of the community or an unwelcome guest? When I say “we”, I mean students, teachers, leaders and families. It begins by understanding that not all teachers, students and family members are at a place where they have the same focus and that has everything to do with self-efficacy.’

'We're not being trusted': Teachers drowning in paperwork at expense of teaching
A survey from Australia that is sadly true all over.
Teaching students is the best bit; the paperwork is by far the worst.
Like many of his colleagues, he struggles with the increasing amount of time he is being asked to spend on data entry. It's a quagmire of buzzwords; evidence gathering, validation, and the long, after-school meetings about school plans.’

Bali Haque: Tomorrows Schools review must deal with the market's failure
‘However, pretty soon after the system was established it became clear that we cannot actually run a schooling system like a commercial business. Some schools
have large numbers of children who experience disadvantage whilst other schools have large numbers of children who are advantaged. While we know all students can make significant gains in learning and achievement, regardless of their circumstances, it is clear we are not starting on a level playing field by any means.’

From Bruce’s ‘goldie oldies’ file:

Creative teaching at Opunake Primary.Lewis Carroll's 'Alice in Numberland
A visit to Opunake Primary School is always an inspirational experience. The  blogs below provide some insight to the programme of this small rural town low decile school. The first is about a school wide theme of technology, the other about a school wide theme “Alice in Numberland.

Friday, July 06, 2018

Smart phones / ability grouping in maths? / behaviour management / Smart Schools ......

Education Readings

By Allan Alach

Every week Bruce Hammonds and I collect articles to share with teachers to encourage a creative approach to teaching and learning. I welcome suggested articles, so if you come across a gem, email it to me at

Teachers lacking educational background in science use inquiry-oriented instruction least
‘A new study shows that eighth-grade science teachers without an educational background in science are less likely to practice inquiry-oriented science instruction, a pedagogical approach that develops students' understanding of scientific concepts and engages students in hands-on science projects.’

The Benefits of Cultivating Curiosity in Kids
‘Far from driving the demise of cats, curiosity comes with many benefits. Studies suggest it’s linked to joy on the job, social skills and even a happy disposition. And in an academic context, greater curiosity generally predicts greater success.’

How Entitled Parents Hurt Schools
‘Motivated by a fierce desire to protect their children and themselves from difficulty, and armed with a robust sense of entitlement as well as ample economic, cultural and social resources, affluent parents can create conflict and interfere with school districts on a scale that is rarely acknowledged.’

This innocent question we ask boys is putting more pressure on them than we realize.
‘For example, the first get-to-know-you question they are inevitably asked by well-meaning grown-ups is, "So, do you play sports?" When they say, "No, not really," the adult usually continues brightly,
"Oh, so what do you like to do, then?” No one explicitly says it's bad for a boy not to play sports. But when it's always the first question asked, the implication is clear: playing sports is normal; therefore, not playing them is not.’

 Contributed by Bruce Hammonds:

14 Smart Ways to Use Smartphone Cameras in the Classroom
‘With a smartphone camera you can look forward to features like plenty of megapixels, image stabilization, and improved low-light photo capability. Videos are also better than they’ve ever been. It’s a growing trend, and one we can make good use of in education. All these great advances in technology have exceptional uses in the classroom. Students who have the current technology (or will be snatching up the new) can access these powerful tools for producing great school projects. Areas like PBL and STEM learning call for imaginative and innovative solutions to complex problems.’

Looking at learning through the eyes of a child
‘There's no hugely mystical reason, basically I have chosen to channel each and everything I do through the eyes of the child.  Because I have never really grown up, I find this quite easy.  The other thing that makes it incredibly easy is that I know my children, I spend a lot of time talking to them, play-based learning makes that possible.’ 

Miss Snuffy and Mr Snake Oil on 21st-century learning
Lyall Lukey, convener of Education Leaders Forum 2018, examines some of the views expressed by, among others, London headmistress Katharine Birbalsingh and her host Roger Partridge of the New Zealand Initiative, before, during and after the recent researchED conference.’

How should we group students in primary maths classrooms?
‘Grouping students in maths classrooms based on their ability or prior attainment is a notion that is increasingly being challenged by research (see also here and here). When we have engaged in so-called ‘ability grouping’ practices for so long, why should we think about changing? And what would the change involve?’

Developing Mathematical Inquiry Communities
‘Associate Professor Bobbie Hunter explains how cultural reticence and ability grouping have had unfortunate consequences for Pasifika children. She advocates a collectivist ethos, de-emphasising speed, repositioning mistakes as a necessary and desirable part of learning, and teaching the skills of friendly arguing/respectful engagement.’

A Deeper Look at the Whole School Approach to Behavior
‘Classroom management is an essential tool for an effective teacher, but it’s not always easy to do
well. Without an orderly classroom it’s hard for teachers with upward of 25 kids in their classrooms to lead effective lessons, help students who are struggling, and perhaps most important, to trust students. That’s why getting behavior under control was Michael Essien’s number one goal when he started as the assistant principal at Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Academic Middle School (MLK) in San Francisco.'

From Bruce’s ‘goldie oldies’ file:

Creating Conditions for Creativity. Steven Johnson's 'Where Good Ideas Come From’
‘Johnson writes about why some environments squelch new ideas; some environments seem to breed them effortlessly; environments that are powerfully suited to the creation, diffusion and adoption of new ideas. Where does your class or school fit?’

Smart Schools
“‘We want our schools to deliver a great deal of knowledge and understanding to a great many people of differing talents with a great range of interests and a great variety of cultural and family backgrounds.
Quite a challenge – and why aren’t we better at it. ’Some, he would say, is because ‘We don’t know enough.’ Perkin’s, though, thinks they’re wrong, ‘We know enough now to do a much better job’. The problem comes down to this, ‘we are not putting to work what we know.”

Friday, June 29, 2018

More about John Hattie / do Western schools harm other students / education of Maori students / educational innovation from the 1970s

Students as artists and scientists explore their environment
Education Readings
By Allan Alach

Every week Bruce Hammonds and I collect articles to share with teachers to encourage a creative approach to teaching and learning. I welcome suggested articles, so if you come across a gem, email it to me at

Looking back to the past - or ideas for the future? The Taranaki Environmental Approach of the 1970s
Bruce's latest article:
'We all learn from interacting with our environment. The classroom is not only part of the child's environment but is a base from which to explore it. From this base we can focus attention, develop new interests and extend learning skills. Every attempt should be made to develop the classroom as a challenging environment which encourages children to grow in ways appropriate to tthem. In our experience an integrated curriculum is a prime necessity’..

John Hattie is Wrong

Here’s another expert taking down John Hattie’s visible learning ‘research.’ Got the message yet?
However, operating on the principle that anything that looks to be too good to be true probably is, I looked into Visible Learning to try to understand
it reports such large effect sizes. My colleague, Marta Pellegrini from the University of Florence (Italy),
helped me track down the evidence behind Hattie’s claims. And sure enough, Hattie is profoundly wrong. He is merely shoveling meta-analyses containing massive bias into meta-meta-analyses that
reflect the same biases.’

More than just a tantrum: here’s what to do if your child has oppositional defiant disorder
ODD is a pattern of disobedient, hostile, and defiant behaviour directed towards authority figures. Children with ODD rebel, are stubborn, argue with adults, and refuse to obey. They have anger outbursts and a hard time controlling their temper. ODD can negatively impact a young person’s educational options as they struggle to adapt and conform to rule-based school structures.’

'Helicopter Parenting' Linked To Behavioural Problems In Children, Finds Research
Does this ring any bells for you?

“‘Our research showed that children with helicopter parents may be less able to deal with the challenging demands of growing up, especially with navigating the complex school environment,” said lead author Nicole Perry, from the University of Minnesota.
“Children who cannot regulate their emotions and behaviour effectively are more likely to act out in the classroom, to have a harder time making friends and to struggle in school.”’

The Difference Between Being Busy and Being Productive
Useful advice on these crazy days of ever increasing teacher workloads.
‘When I made the leap and decided to “break up with busy,” I noticed something happening. I actually became a better teacher. After the difficult conversation with my wife, I remember thinking that I would be making sacrifices as an educator. However, that’s not what happened. I actually had more time, more energy, and more mental bandwidth to create epic projects for students. It turns out that I was more productive when I was able to rest.’

Contributed by Bruce Hammonds:

At NZ's first bush school, kids play with knives, eat possums and are free to roam
‘Auckland University of Technology professor Nesta Devine, who researches educational philosophy and pedagogy, says the 'forest school' movement has been around since the end of the 18th century. The teaching philosophy first emerged as a "reaction against the values of industrialism, both in terms of its focus on money and reducing human relationships to financial ones, and to its abuse of the natural world”'.

Forest School a 'safe haven' for struggling students
‘A year on from its launch, and The Forest School is blooming.

Hidden away from the road in the bush north of Hatfields Beach, the 'free range' school offers alternative education one day a week for students up to 14-years-old.’

Opinion: Ann Milne - Racism in Schools?How dare we be surprised!

My own pathway, as a Pākehā teacher, raised in a predominantly Māori community, took a sharp turn when my own children, identifying strongly as Māori through their father’s whakapapa, encountered racism at secondary school. I’m sure they experienced racism earlier, in primary school, but now they could articulate how uncomfortable they were.’

Off the Record: The days of JUST ‘chalk and talk’ are past
‘Yes I know writing things out helps you process the information, but here’s the thing…working
collaboratively to discover that information for yourself as a student ALSO helps you process it and is way less boring than copying from the board! And much more satisfying. And yes, it takes a bit of organising – but it’s worth it! Aren’t we all looking to have active and engaged rather than passive learners?’

Numeracy crisis in New Zealand
Maths trauma in teachers and parents contributes to the difficulty in learning and teaching mathematics. It is estimated that one third of primary school teachers suffer from maths trauma. It is NOT their fault. They themselves are the product of a cycle that perpetuates maths trauma and antipathy.’

Attention, Students: Put Your Laptops Away
‘As laptops become smaller and more ubiquitous, and with the advent of tablets, the idea of taking notes by hand just seems old-fashioned to many students today. Typing your notes is faster — which comes in handy when there's a lot of information to take down. But it turns out there are still advantages to doing things the old-fashioned way.’

From Bruce’s ‘goldie oldies’ file:

What the modern world has forgotten about children and teaching....and solutions to ensure all students learn
“Modern Western learning and teaching based on 'collecting data on human learning  of children's behaviour in school is like collecting data on killer whales based on their behaviour at Sea World.’"

Transforming education: Stop teaching and begin learning with your students
‘It seems counter-intuitive but students are failing because teachers are teaching too well.Teachers
spend hours and hours of their time preparing lessons for their students but all too often the only person learning anything are the teachers themselves. Even the most attentive and compliant of students do not get what the teachers intend – and worse still researchers have shown that that such teaching does not change students’ minds – and changing minds is the definition of learning.’